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Quarterbacks, writers, and resisters: Fostering a growth mindset in the writing workshop (Guest Post)

by Mark Overmeyer

Living in Denver means Broncos quarterback Peyton Manning is on the front page of the paper more often than anyone else. One story that emerged this summer is about Manning’s work ethic – what teachers would undoubtedly call a “growth mindset.” Manning spends time every year with his former college football coach. He isn’t there to visit, but to learn. Manning says his college coach knows more about his throw than anyone else in his life, so he needs his advice in order to improve. Peyton Manning makes millions of dollars a year, but he knows he is never “done”:  he understands the importance of feedback from someone who knows him well.

I often shy away from sports metaphors when thinking of effective instruction, but Manning’s story is a perfect fit with our work as teachers of writing. Manning’s coach knows him best. More than any other subject we teach, writing helps us to know our students in the same way Manning’s coach knows him. 

When I confer with students early in the year, I learn so much just by talking to them about their writing territories. What students choose to write about helps me know them as people, and the attention I pay to their topics will go a long way toward building trust. I have learned to treat all topics with equal interest. As I walk around the room in the early fall and notice what students are writing about, I am equally as interested in learning more about Minecraft as I am about someone’s new dog or new soccer coach. I want to hear about visiting grandparents in Omaha, racing on the swim team, and yes, I also want to hear what it is like to “mostly sit around and play video games.” Early in the year, I think of the term “privilege”: Do I privilege particular topics over others, or do I truly welcome all of my students’ writing territories? Early encounters with our writers set the stage for the rest of the year, and I want my students to trust me so that later I can provide meaningful feedback.

When Manning says his coach knows him best, he is talking about his knowledge of how he throws a football. As teachers, we can learn so much from our writers by learning how they write, not just what they write about. Every time I spend even 10 minutes in a classroom of writers, I notice how they get their work done. Some of our writers get started right away and keep going the entire time, pausing periodically to re-read. Some of our enthusiastic writers will write page after page, never re-reading, excited to “finish” so they can share their stories. Other writers sit and ponder, waiting for an idea to arrive. Sometimes these writers spend a lot more time sitting than writing, and they might say: “I’m thinking… I just can’t decide what to write about yet.” While this may be true, I do want to watch out for these writers who can quickly become resistant.

As writing teachers, we welcome all of our students, the resisters as well as the enthusiasts. We respect their writing territories. We support them to become the best they can be, just like Manning’s coach has supported him for more than 20 years. The best writing teachers are like the best coaches because they encourage continuous learning. Every writing teacher I know has lived that moment when a former student comes to visit, seeking the advice of a trusted mentor, coach, and friend.

markovermeyerMark Overmeyer is an educator and writer from Denver, Colorado. He has worked as a classroom teacher in grades 2 through 8, a literacy coordinator, and a Title I/special education teacher. Mark co-directed the Denver Writing Project for 6 years and worked for 9 years as an adjunct professor at the University of Colorado at Denver. Currently, he consults around the country and in international schools, supporting teachers and students in reading and writing workshops. His most recent book is Let’s Talk: One-on-one, small group, and peer conferences, which is available from Stenhouse. You can contact Mark at or on twitter: @markovermeyer

3 Comments Post a comment
  1. Samantha Binkley #

    I remember very clearly one year when my mother came home from parent teacher conferences. She had just met my brother’s writing teacher for the first time, a brand new teacher, and she was given the opportunity to see exactly what it was my brother had been working on all semester. As it had turned out, my brother was working on a piece, co-written by his best friend, about an illegal dog food trade. There were explosions, fights for territory, and even a boat chase. My mother was so confused, and she approached the teacher with one question: why are you letting my son write this ridiculous story? The answer was pretty simple: because he’s writing. Her allowing him to write about whatever tickled his fancy got him to write, and that was her only goal. She knew my brother, much like the coach knew his player, and realized what it would take to get him to complete his assignments. She remained equally invested in this story as she did everyone else’s, and gave him the opportunity to get his creativity out without trying to stifle him. We do have a unique position as teachers getting to see our student’s writing, and we should use that to help them explore whatever story it is they have to tell.


    October 31, 2015
  2. alexander #

    The relationship between the writer and the reader is something that always comes to my mind, but you’re completely right—a reader can only see what the writer has written, but they may not get to see the writing process. Like the development of Manning’s throwing technique, the writing process is something that only a few people get trusted to see, and teachers are a part of that few. And on top of that, teachers are the lucky group that get to be trusted with hundreds of students’ writing processes, and we get to help further their developments. I tend to think of that old quote “the student is the imprint of the teacher.” If we do our jobs right, students will see our passions for writing and become passionate about writing themselves, and then if we’re lucky, they’ll also spread that passion onto others around them as well.


    October 29, 2015
  3. janiceewing #

    Mark, thank you for this post. I completely agree that the ‘how’ is as important as the ‘what’ of writing. I also think you make an important point about showing interest in and respect for topics that might not be within our own writing territories. I wonder if we sometimes privilege certain topics with our body language or tone of voice, even if we’re careful with our words. Much food for thought!


    October 28, 2015

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